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  • Largest African Ethnic Groups – 2019

    Largest African Ethnic Groups – 2019

    Largest African Ethnic Groups – Overall

    1. Egyptians are an African ethnic group that consists of over one-hundred million people but are not ranked above.
    Ethnic group/ People/ Tribe Population (#) Language Family Countries Region
    Ethnic group/ People/ Tribe Population (#) Language Family Countries Region
    Berber Arab-Berber   Afro-Asiatic, Semitic Maghreb (Mauritania, Morocco, Western Sahara), Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya North Afrika
    Hausa 40,000,000 – 45,000,000 Afro-Asiatic, Chadic Nigeria, Niger, Benin, Ghana, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan West Afrika
    Yoruba 45,993,000 – 47,000,000 Niger–Congo, Volta–Niger Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone West Afrika
    Igbo 32,684,301 – 35,000,000 Niger–Congo, Volta–Niger Nigeria West Afrika
    Oromo 37,731,489 – 39,000,000 Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic Ethiopia Horn of Afrika
    Mandé Mandé 30,000,000 – 40,000,000 Niger-Congo, Mande Mali, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau West Afrika
    Mandinka 18,000,000 – 19,000,000
    Hutu 23,000,000 – 25,000,000 Niger–Congo, Bantu Rwanda, Burundi, and DR Congo Central Afrika
    Fulani 20,000,000 – 30,000,000 Niger-Congo, Senegambian Nigeria, Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Cameroon, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Benin, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Ivory Coast, Chad, Central African Republic, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo The Sahel and West Afrika
    Akan 20,000,000 Niger–Congo, Kwa Ghana, Ivory Coast West Afrika
    Somalis   Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya Horn of Afrika
    Amhara 19,867,817 Afro-Asiatic, Semitic Ethiopia Horn of Afrika
    Mandinka 18,000,000 – 19,000,000 Niger-Congo, Mande Mali, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau West Afrika
    Kongo 17,254,808 Niger–Congo, Bantu DR Congo, Angola, Congo Republic Central Afrika
    Shona   Niger–Congo, Bantu Zimbabwe and Mozambique East Afrika
    Zulu 13,234,900 – 14,159,000 Niger–Congo, Bantu South Africa Southern Afrika
    Chewa 12,000,000 Niger–Congo, Bantu Malawi, Zambia Central Afrika
    Kanuri   Nilo-Saharan Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon Central Afrika
    Mongo   Niger–Congo, Bantu Congo, Democratic Republic Central Afrika

    Largest Afrikan Ethnic Groups by Country

    Countries Ethnic group/ People/ Tribe Population (%) Language Family
    Countries Ethnic group/ People/ Tribe Population (%) Language Family
    Algeria Arab-Berber 99 % Afro-Asiatic, Berber  
    Angola Ovimbundu (a.k.a. Southern Mbundu) 37% Bantu  
    Benin Fon 38.4% Niger–Congo, Gbe  
    Botswana Tswana 79% Bantu  
    Burkina Faso Mossi 52% Niger-Congo, Gur  
    Burundi Hutu (a.k.a. Abahutu) 85% Bantu  
    Cameroon Cameroon Highlanders 31%    
    Cabo Verde Creole Mulatto 71%    
    Central African Republic Gbaya 20% - 26% Niger-Congo, Gbaya–Manza–Ngbaka  
    Chad Sara 25.9% Nilo-Saharan  
    Comoros Afro-Arab 86% Bantu  
    Congo, Democratic Republic Mongo 12% Bantu  
    Congo, Republic Kongo 40.5% - 48% Bantu  
    Côte d'Ivoire Akan 28.9% - 42.1% Niger-Congo, Kwa  
    Djibouti Somali 60% Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic  
    Egypt Egyptian 99.6% Afro-Asiatic, Semitic  
    Equatorial Guinea Fang 85.7% Bantu  
    Eritrea Tigrinya 55% Afro-Asiatic, Semitic  
    Eswatini Swazi 84.3% Bantu  
    Ethiopia Oromo 34.4% Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic  
    Gabon Fang 23.2% Bantu  
    The Gambia Mandinka/ Jahanka 34% Niger-Congo, Mande  
    Ghana Akan 47.5% Niger-Congo, Kwa  
    Guinea Fulani 33.9% Niger-Congo, Senegambian  
    Guinea-Bissau Fulani 28.5% Niger-Congo, Senegambian  
    Kenya Kikuyu 17.1% Bantu  
    Lesotho Sotho 99.7% Southern Bantu  
    Liberia Kpelle 17.1 % - 20.3% Niger-Congo, Mande  
    Libya Arab-Berber 97% Afro-Asiatic, Berber  
    Madagascar Merina 26% Austronesian, Barito  
    Malawi Chewa 34.3% Bantu  
    Mali Mandinka 52.5% Niger-Congo, Mande  
    Mauritania Haratin (a.k.a. Black Moors) 40% Afro-Asiatic, Semitic & Berber  
    Mauritius Indo-Mauritians 59.1%    
    Morocco Arab-Berber 99% Afro-Asiatic, Berber  
    Mozambique Makhuwa 24.6% Bantu  
    Namibia Ovambo 49% Bantu  
    Niger Hausa 38.8% Afro-Asiatic, Chadic  
    Nigeria Hausa 30% Afro-Asiatic, Chadic  
    Rwanda Hutu 84% Bantu  
    São Tomé & Príncipe Mestiços 33%-68%    
    Senegal Wolof 44.1% Niger-Congo, Senegambian  
    Seychelles Seychellois Creole (mainly of East African and Malagasy heritage) 78.3%    
    Sierra Leone Temne 28.4% - 35% Niger-Congo, Mel  
    Somalia Somali 79% - 85% Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic  
    South Africa Zulu 23.7 % Southern Bantu  
    South Sudan Dinka 35.8% Nilo-Saharan  
    Sudan Sudanese Arab 70% Afro-Asiatic, Semitic  
    Tanzania Sukuma 17.7% Bantu  
    Togo Adja-Ewe 37%-42.4% Niger-Congo, Gbe  
    Tunisia Arab-berber 98% Afro-Asiatic, Berber  
    Uganda Baganda 16.5% Great Lakes Bantu  
    Zambia Bemba 21% Bantu  
    Zimbabwe Shona 82% Bantu  




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